One girl's quest for clean water. Some of them bring new women to Italy in order to finish paying off their debt to their traffickers and find a way out of the streets, and others have been exploited for so long that they see exploitation of others as their only option for a better life. Some women shouted in anger, others started to cry. Francesca De Masi has been visiting the Ponte Galeria women’s detention centre in south-west Rome every week since 2008. In Libya, Susan had been locked up for two weeks in a makeshift jail, crowded with people who were waiting to cross the sea to Europe. Nigeria has equally stepped up efforts to contain the situation. Susan’s survival strategy was to avoid the men who came looking for sex – to work as little as possible. Investigations are complex and often slow, while traffickers move quickly, relocate their victims frequently and change their phone numbers multiple times. “Criminal organisations are always ahead of us,” Quinto said. That day was like nothing she had ever experienced. “Using these very old belief systems passed down through generations is a psychological form of control that is much stronger than any violence,” Princess Inyang Okokon, who runs Piam Onlus, an anti-trafficking NGO, told the Guardian in 2017. Castel Volturno in Campania is considered the headquarters of the Nigerian mafia in Europe. The madam would regularly check in with the Nigerian and Arab men who served as jailers. Susan, however, used the notebook to record her experience. “It’s the juju!” she screamed, convinced that she was being punished because she was about to betray her madam, to whom she had sworn an oath of loyalty back in Nigeria. “The other girls said: ‘You’ll get used to it’. At the time there were posters in Palermo announcing the news. Italian and Nigerian gangs: A deadly alliance An uneasy partnership between Italian and Nigerian gangs has led to a boom in human trafficking and the drugs trade. After her mother told Susan what had happened, she grew more determined than ever. Many Italians want to help Nigerian women, she says, but the trouble is that in a time of increasing anti-migrant sentiments, some other Italians do not want them to do so. Susan underwent a traditional juju oath-taking ceremony, in front of a priest, in which she swore to pay the woman back and to be loyal to her. She could not go back. After two months, Ivie came in a car to collect her. The UN's International Organisation for Migration estimates 80 per cent of the Nigerian women and girls arriving by sea are likely to be victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation in Italy. Once they got the wiretaps in place, together with police officers and translators, Pietroiusti spent hundreds of hours building the case. But people working with survivors believe that there is a widespread lack of interest in prosecuting traffickers, due in part to the fact that a large number of survivors are Black women. 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