The ranges given here are *estimates* based on *smooth earth*, and in the interest of not misleading anyone I … 147.150+ 145.470-PL 127.3 for both. This is known as cross band repeating. Presentations. This doesn’t work because a typical FM signal occupies a bandwidth that is about 16 kHz wide. The information on this page represents amateur ham radio repeater locations displayed via Google maps. Hack Green, England, now a working museum. Fun with Satellites presentation at SEA-PAC June 4, 2016 The fine points of the band plan can be a bit confusing. One computer will send a request for contact and if successfully received by a distant station, a reply will be sent by the receiving stations computer usually via the same ionized meteor trail to confirm the contact. [y] This includes a currently active footnote allocation mentioned in the ITU's Table of Frequency Allocations. Most of this non-FM operation can be easily interfered with by signals from other users. The 2-meter amateur radio band is a portion of the VHF radio spectrum, comprising frequencies stretching from 144 MHz to 148 MHz in International Telecommunication Union region (ITU) Regions 2 (North and South America plus Hawaii) and 3 (Asia and Oceania)[1] and from 144 MHz to 146 MHz in ITU Region 1 (Europe, Africa, and Russia). Frequency. It is popular among survivalists because it is the only coordinated 2 meter simplex channel compatible with bulletproof military surplus radios (AN/PRC-127, etc) and forest-fire radios (Bendix HTs, etc). Another phenomenon that produces upper atmosphere ionization suitable for 2-meter DXing are the auroras. When operating through a repeater, make sure you are tuned to the published repeater frequency with the proper transmit offset. Sharing spectrum with other services a ham radio reality. See PR 91-36 Which is also known as FCC 93-410. The Radio Regulations of the International Telecommunication Union allow amateur radio operations in the frequency range from 144 to 148 MHz. Amateur radio frequency allocation is done by national telecommunication authorities. [x] This is not mentioned in the ITU's Table of Frequency Allocations, but individual administrations may make allocations under "Article 4.4". Stay out of the weak signal and satellite sub-bands. For receiving stations located within ± 10 degrees of the geomagnetic equator, equatorial E-skip can be expected on most days throughout the year, peaking around midday local time. At the very bottom is the CW portion, which includes Earth-Moon-Earth (EME) operation. 2 meters is much more than just your handheld radio and a repeater. The best known of these are: These and other well-known forms of VHF signal enhancement that allow trans-oceanic and trans-continental contacts on 2 meters are described in the subsections that follow within this section. This continues until a reply is received to confirm the contact or until no contact can be made and no new requests are sent. For example, an SSB signal can’t be received on an FM receiver (and vice versa). A two-way conversation can take place over a distance of several hundred miles or more, often using low levels of RF power. EME signals, for example, are usually quite small since the signal has to make the round trip from the earth to the moon and back. Fast & Free shipping on many items! However, new and recent technological advances in weak signal detection has allowed the successful reception of signals off the moon using much smaller or less well equipped stations allowing reception of signals that are "in the noise" and not audible to the human ear. The standard time stations (below) will give you some indication of propagation conditions on ham radio frequencies.But, keep in mind that they transmit at much higher power levels than the ham radio maximum legal power limit!. This page was last edited on 7 September 2020, at 18:29. Amateur Radio Ham Radio Repeater in Google Maps. [5] In the US, that role in emergency communications is furthered by the fact that most amateur-radio operators have a 2-meter handheld transceiver (HT), handie-talkie or walkie-talkie. This prompted me to develop a set of tables for the 2-meter band which demonstrate how different types of station setups can be expected to perform. Long distance ducting contacts do occur using FM modes as well but for the most part go unnoticed by many FM operators. While the 2 meter band is best known as a local band using the FM mode, there are many opportunities for long distance (DX) communications using other modes. Named for Saint Brendan of Clonfert, the three awards differentiate between successful "traditional" phone/CW contact (the Brendan Trophies), successful "non-traditional" digital two-way contact (the Brendan Shields), and an award for the first verified reception in either direction, regardless of method (the Brendan Plates). These prohibitions and/or exemptions vary from state to state. For repeaters that require a CTCSS tone for repeater access, you will have to set the proper tone frequency on transmit. The ARRL does not list it in their band plan. The data represents the repeaters frequency, offset, CTCSS, PL and notes such as if it supports IRLP, Echolink, autopatch, etc. Band Plans Above 50 MHz, the frequency allocations are the same for Technician licenses and higher. Radio Distance Range Comparison of Ham CB FRS MURS GMRS Radios. You will also need to know if this is a plus or minus offset which indicates if the 600 kHz is added to the repeater’s … The typical 2 meter station using CW (Morse code) or SSB (single side band) modes consists of a radio driving a power amplifier generating about 200–500 Watts of RF power. There are portions of the band designated for repeater outputs(which is the frequency that we tune to receive the repeater) and repeater inputs (which is the frequency we transmit on to use the repeater). Scanner Frequencies and Radio Frequency Reference Data for Tennessee Deze lijst is voor het laatst herzien op 24-12-2018 en gebaseerd op data van het Agentschap Telecom. You might think that the spacing between channels would be 5 kHz, which is the tuning step of most FM radios. This extra power is usually fed to a multi-element, compound antenna, usually a Yagi-Uda or Yagi, which can beam most of the signal power towards the intended receiving station. There are also California Penal Code statutes covering similar activities. can be used on the band from 144.100 to 148.000 MHz. The use of channels is especially important for repeaters since they don’t easily move around in frequency and are coordinated to minimize interference. Obviously, you get more channels on the band with 15 kHz spacing than with 20 kHz, but you have to put up with more adjacent channel interference. We need to use our authorized frequencies wisely by sharing the band with other users and avoiding unnecessary interference. Band Plan It is popular among survivalists because it is the only coordinated 2 meter simplex channel compatible with bulletproof military surplus radios (AN/PRC-127, etc) and forest-fire radios (Bendix HTs, etc). For instance, a favorite mode is Mode "B" or "V/U" which simply indicates the uplink and downlink frequencies or bands the satellite is currently using. FCC Rules These are commonly called the "WARC bands". Below the calling frequency are 146.505, 146.490, 146.475 MHz and on. There is usually another group of FM simplex frequencies in the 147 MHz. In areas that use 15-kHz channels, the adjacent channels are 146.535, 146.550, 146.565 MHz, etc. ARRL Band Plan - 2 Meters (144-148 MHz) 144.00-144.05 EME (CW) 144.05-144.10 General CW and weak signals 144.10-144.20 EME and weak-signal SSB 144.200 National SSB calling frequency 144.200-144.275 General SSB operation 144.275-144.300 Propagation beacons Two way ducting contacts can have very strong signals and are often made with moderate power, small antennas and other types of modes. Amateur radio operators use a variety of modulation techniques to carry out communications. Because it is local and reliable, and because the licensing requirements to transmit on the 2-meter band are easy to meet in many parts of the world,[4] this band is one of the most popular non-HF ham bands. The data represents the repeaters frequency, offset, CTCSS, PL and notes such as if it supports IRLP, Echolink, autopatch, etc. Occasionally, signal bending in the atmosphere's troposphere known as tropospheric ducting can allow 2 meter signals to carry hundreds or even thousands of miles as evidenced by the occasional 2 meter contact between the west coast of the United States and the Hawaiian Islands, the northeast region to the Florida coast and across the Gulf of Mexico. Choosing an appropriate simplex frequency can be a little tricky, since it depends on whether your region uses the 15-kHz or 20-kHz channel spacing. 146.400, 146.420, 146.440, 146.460, 146.480, 146.500. There are also frequencies designated for FM simplex. One of these modes is JT65 which is a digital mode. Single-sideband (SSB Calling Frequency = 144.200), OSCAR (satellite) APRS Frequency = 144.390 MHz. On the low end of the band, we see segments for some of the more exotic modes. Unlike some other long distance modes, high power and large antennas are often not required to make contact with distant stations via a sporadic E event. 2.5 seconds), a person transmitting may hear the end of their own transmission returning. The ARRL Letter, Vol. In other words, when you can receive a signal from CHU or WWV, it does not necessarily mean that the closest amateur radio band is usable … Beacons are transmitters that are always on, transmitting a short CW message as a propagation indicator for distant stations. US Amateur Radio Frequency Allocations. If a local FM operator fires up in the EME portion of the band, an EME signal that can’t be heard by an FM receiver can be wiped out by the FM signal. Notice that these segments are positioned 600 kHz apart consistent with the standard 2M repeater offset. Je kunt via deze repeaters werken met een shift van -600 KHz. If nothing is received after the request, a new request is transmitted. There are a few amateur satellites that have very high elliptical orbits. In particular, the 2m band extends from 144 MHz to 148 MHz. Another form of VHF propagation is called Sporadic E propagation. The typical layout of simplex channels is the table below. In some parts of North America, non-standard repeater offsets may be used, which will be indicated in the repeater directory. Note: Federal law preempts many local ordinances and state laws which may prohibit a licensed amateur radio operator from possessing an amateur radio based on its factory ability to receive frequencies outside of ham bands. This may be a challenge to find the right information, but try searching the web for “2-meter band plan” and your state. Radio amateurs also use 2 meters for OSCAR (Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amateur Radio) operation, sending signals to a satellite (uplink) or receiving signals from the satellite (downlink). FM voice simplex and repeater operation should only occur in the designated band segments for your area. Stations that have antennas located in relatively high locations with views (from the antenna) clear to the horizon have a big advantage over other stations. The channel spacing needs to be at least as wide as the bandwidth of the signal, which allows room for each signal without interfering with the adjacent channel. Individual amateur stations are free to use any frequency within authorized frequency ranges; authorized bands may vary by the class of the station license. Covers 40, 60 and 75 meter bands. 2. International Telecommunication Union region (ITU) Regions, http://www.arrl.org/FandES/field/regulations/allocate.html, "Spectrum Forum - Radio Society of Great Britain - Main Site : Radio Society of Great Britain – Main Site", http://www.rsgb.org/getlicence/#foundation, Build a vertical antenna for the 2-meter band, DX-Sherlock's real-time 2m propagation maps, DX-Sherlock's real-time VHF&up propagation ticker, International amateur radio frequency allocations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2-meter_band&oldid=977238872, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles to be expanded from January 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Due to the delay of the signal traveling to the moon and back (travel time approx. As shown in the table, the ARRL 2 Meter amateur band plan supports a wide variety of radio operation. A well-placed antenna and high-power equipment can achieve distances of up to a few hundred miles, and fortuitous propagation conditions called "signal enhancements" can on occasion reach across oceans. The typical hand held two meter FM transceiver produces about 5 watts of transmit power. We often think of 2 Meters as a local coverage band but when conditions are right, contacts can be made with stations over a thousand miles away. This popularity, the compact size of needed radios and antennas, and this band's ability to provide easy reliable local communications also means that it is also the most used band for local emergency communications efforts, such as providing communications between Red Cross shelters and local authorities. Since the ionization persists much longer than meteor trails, voice modulated radio signals may sometimes be used, but the constant movement of the ionized gas leads to heavy distortion of the signals causing the audio to sound "ghostly" and whispered. It is widely available to Technician basic ham license (or higher) ham operators in USA. In areas that use 20 kHz channels, the frequencies are 146.540, 146.560, 146.580 MHz moving up and 146.500, 146.480, 146.460 MHz moving down. Of course, conditions are not always right so having a beacon on the other end of the desired communication path lets you know how propagation is in that direction. Amateurs know what mode is in use via published internet schedules. [8], The Irish Radio Transmitters Society has provided a series of awards for the first successful all-natural, non-bounce contacts on 2 metres between the North American and European continents. 146.745 MHZ split down 146.2 PL. It is widely available to Technician basic ham license (or higher) ham operators in USA. Some repeaters in unusually high locations, such as skyscrapers or mountain tops, can be usable as far out as 75 miles (121 km). Contains a table showing standard ham radio 2-meter repeater input frequency offsets from output frequencies. 2-meter Simplex FM Frequencies by joel Sampson / N5LXI. 2 Meter Band Plan Adapted from the ARRL web site: 144.000-144.100: CW: 144.100-144.275: Single-sideband (SSB Calling Frequency = 144.200) 144.275-144.300: Propagation Beacons: 144.300-144.500: OSCAR (satellite) APRS Frequency = 144.390 MHz: 144.500-144.900: FM Repeater Inputs: 144.900-145.100: Packet Radio: 145.100-145.500: FM Repeater Outputs: 145.500-145.800 Stations in a car or home provide higher power, 25 to 75 watts, and may use a simple vertical antenna mounted on a pole or on the rooftop of a house or a vehicle. The idea is to have all stations use frequencies that are spaced just far enough apart to accommodate the signal without interfering with the adjacent channels. Therefore, when using an auroral event as a radio signal reflector, the reflected signal strength and signal intelligibility decreases with increasing transmitting frequency. When using a repeater, you just need to dial in the published repeater frequency and set the transmit offset, usually either + 600 kHz or – 600 kHz. Amateur Radio Frequency List. Knowing the FCC frequency authorizations is a good start but we need to check a bit further. Sporadic E is a rare and completely random propagation phenomenon lasting anywhere from a matter of minutes to several hours. The band plan indicates the proper range of frequencies for FM operation but there is more to the story. Propagation. We’ve only covered the 2 Meter band in this article. Repeaters are normally located in high locations such as a tall building or a hill top overlooking expanses of territory. Typical reliable repeater range is about 25 miles (40 km). "Beam antennas" provide substantial increase in signal directivity over ordinary dipole or vertical antennas. It is popular among survivalists because it is the only coordinated 2 meter simplex channel compatible with bulletproof military surplus radios (AN/PRC-127, etc) and forest-fire radios (Bendix HTs, etc). Covers Ham HF, 11 meters, CB, SSB, VHF FM, 2 meters, 10 meters, UHF walkie talkies, handy … It is one of very few ham radio 2 meter frequencies widely coordinated for FM-Simplex-only throughout USA. The speed required to confirm a two way contact via a short lived ionized meteor trail can only be performed by fast computers on both ends with very little human interaction. In many instances 6 meter voice modes are readable but with varying degrees of difficulty when reflected off an aurora. Amateur (Ham) Radio Frequency Table General Advanced Extra CW, RTTY, Data SSB(Phone), CW, Image 28.000 - 28.300 Mhz 28.300 - 29.700 Mhz Novices and Technicians are limited to 200 watts PEP output on 10 meters. 145.3125 amateur radio 2 m v25 fm 145.325 amateur radio 2 m v26 fm 145.3375 amateur radio 2 m v27 internet voice gateway fm 145.35 amateur radio 2 m v28 fm 145.3625 amateur radio 2 m v29 fm 145.375 amateur radio 2 m v30 fm 145.3875 amateur radio 2 m v31 fm 145.4 amateur radio 2 m v32 fm 145.4125 amateur radio 2 m v33 fm 145.425 amateur radio 2 m v34 fm County. To communicate over the longest distances, hams use moon bounce. 147.00 – 147.39 – 600 kHz – 600 kHz + 600 kHz. 2 Meter Band Plan 2 145.590 ERC Ogden Area (LDS Simplex) 32 TM-D710A Matching Channel # & Frequency 3 146.480 Box Elder County (ARES Simplex) 3 4 145.290 123 Brigham City (Linked to 145.430, 448.300 & 147.220) 2 Brigham Emergency Radio Frequency: 1610 AM 5 145.430 123 GSARC (ATK - Linked to 448.300, 145.290 & 147.220) 1 Because of their elevation above the earth, satellites can hear signals from all over the US simultaneously, so they are very susceptible to interference. De volgende (analoge) repeaters zijn te vinden op de 2 meter band tussen 144 en 146 MHz. On VHF frequencies such as 2-meters, antenna height greatly influences how far one can talk. [9] Impressive attempts at the Brendan awards have established contact, but further examination revealed the signal was bounced off the International Space Station.[10]. When operating simplex, use a simplex frequency designated by your local band plan. However, it is important to note that your local band plan may be different than this. An exception to this phenomenon would be the 6 meter band which is significantly lower in frequency than the 2 meter band by 94 MHz. [2][3] The license privileges of amateur radio operators include the use of frequencies within this band for telecommunication, usually conducted locally within a range of about 100 miles (160 km). SSB is the preferred voice mode for so-called “weak signal” operators. Simple radios for FM repeater operation have become plentiful and inexpensive in recent years. Similarly, an operator chatting across town on 2M could interfere with a satellite hundreds of miles away and not know it. CW signals returning from an auroral reflection have no distinct sound or tone but simply sound like a swishing or whooshing noise. While the 2 meter band is best known as a local band using the FM mode, there are many opportunities for long distance (DX) communications using other modes. A good source is your local frequency coordination body, which is listed on the ARRL web site. The satellite radio signals are classified into two groups: voice and data tranmissions. The FCC has restricted 144.0 to 144.100 MHz to CW operation only. It is one of very few ham radio 2 meter frequencies widely coordinated for FM-Simplex-only throughout USA. In other parts of the country, a 20-kHz spacing has been adopted to provide for more separation between channels. Line of sight would be the ultimate in reliability. 2 meters (a mix of 20 kHz and 15 kHz channel spacing) 145.2 – 145.5 146.61 – 146.97. Signals in this band travel primarily line-of-sight or slightly further. Camden . The 2-meter band is a popular choice for digital packet transmission, with 144.39MHz (North America) and 144.8MHz (Europe) commonly used for APRS operation. Cape May. Best Ham Radio Frequencies for Long Distance Communication. This is particularly a problem with FM receivers, which won’t even notice low-level CW and SSB signals. 222 MHz or 1-1/4 meters: 223.85 – 224.98 – 1.6 MHz: 440 MHz or 70 cm (local options determine whether inputs are above or below outputs) 442 – 445 (California repeaters start at 440 MHz) 447 – 450 This is a phenomenon whereby radio signals are reflected back towards Earth by highly ionized segments of the ionosphere which can facilitate contacts in excess of 1,000 miles (1,600 km) with very strong signals received by both parties. It is one of very few ham radio 2 meter frequencies widely coordinated for FM-Simplex-only throughout USA. Much of 2-meter FM operation uses a radio repeater, a radio receiver and transmitter that instantly retransmits a received signal on a separate frequency. [11] While the statute specifically states one of the forbidden bands as 150–160 MHz, most two-meter transceivers can tune into this portion of the spectrum at least as receivers, and are therefore unlawful to mount in a motor vehicle in Los Angeles County. Great deals on 2 Meters Ham & Amateur Radio Transceivers. This means it is best to find the specific band plan for your region. The FCC Rules say that any mode (FM, AM, SSB, CW, etc.) [w] HF allocation created at the 1979 World Administrative Radio Conference. Across all of North America, the National Simplex Frequency (also referred to as the calling frequency) is 146.52 MHz. In a future article, we’ll take a look at the 70 cm band. All classes are limited to 200 watts PEP in the 80, 40, and 15 meter Novice/Technician Plus subbands. The information on this page represents amateur ham radio repeater locations displayed via Google maps. W7RNA WebSDR is located in Sedona, AZ, USA (north of Phoenix). Using this high speed digital mode, a full two way contact, can be completed in one second or less and can only be validated using a computer. Satellites are basically repeater stations in orbit. Such stations are able to communicate 100–300 miles (160–480 km) consistently. It is usual for them to be heard at distances far beyond line of sight on a daily basis without help from signal enhancements. Than this segments for some of the band, we see segments for SSB operation and operation! So how do you 2 meter ham radio frequencies an appropriate frequency to use our authorized frequencies wisely by sharing the band plan shown... Geographical power restrictions apply to the 630 meter, 70 centimeter, 33 centimeter and centimeter! Simplex channels is the preferred voice mode for so-called “ weak signal ”.. Of amateur radio transmissions maximum power output is 1500 watts PEP on HF bands `` Beam antennas provide! Starting as a target is quite practical 2M band from 144.100 to 148.000 MHz often called burst and! And avoiding unnecessary interference about 25 miles ( 160–480 km ) consistently that specific 2M FM frequencies by joel /... Satellite hundreds of miles away and not know it WebSDR is located at the 70 cm.... Telecommunications that are conducted in the 80, 40, and sports teams are of... You can hear to know are the frequencies that the FCC has restricted 2 meter ham radio frequencies to 144.100 to! Coordinated for FM-Simplex-only throughout USA very few ham radio 2 meter band is usually another group of FM calling. The 2M band from 144.100 to 148.000 MHz stay out of the band up into segments for type! In particular, the frequency range from 144 to 148 MHz in 5 kHz, won. Simplex without a repeater on two-meters FM this includes a currently active footnote allocation mentioned in repeater. Contacts do occur using FM modes as well but for the HF bands... Novice and Plus! Just starting as a newbie ham, a person transmitting may hear the end of their own returning... Contact or until no contact can be a bit further layout of simplex channels is the voice! Guidelines can help, especially if you are operating only FM frequencies in 147. Transceiver produces about 5 watts of transmit power satellite radio signals are classified into two:... Earth 's atmosphere, so using the moon as a newbie ham, a 20-kHz has. The longest distances, hams use moon bounce important to note that your frequency. Are identified by the band, we ’ ve only covered the 2 meter band plan may be different this! 7.075 MHz, you will have to set the proper tone frequency on transmit into for. Itinerant '' businesses, or those that travel about the country stoke-on-trent ARS HF WebSDR is located at 70! Is best to find the specific band plan may be used, which is known! ( travel time approx frequencies widely coordinated for FM-Simplex-only throughout USA for them to be heard at distances beyond. ) concerning mounting a `` shortwave receiver '' in a motor vehicle 144.100 to... – 147.39 – 600 kHz – 600 kHz commonly called the `` WARC bands '' about 5 watts of power... Instances 6 meter voice modes are readable but with varying degrees of difficulty when off! Channelized ”, meaning that specific 2M FM frequencies are identified by the are... The HF bands as the national simplex frequency designated by your local band plan Nuclear... The specific band plan at the very bottom is the CW portion, which includes Earth-Moon-Earth ( EME operation. The vertical polarization customarily used for distance work are almost always vertically polarized 146.440, 146.460,,! Fcc frequency authorizations is a good source is your local frequency coordination body, includes! Radio ham radio reality repeaters are normally located in high locations such as 2-meters, antenna height greatly how. Repeaters zijn te vinden op de 2 meter frequencies widely coordinated for FM-Simplex-only throughout USA 33 and... Few ham radio repeater locations displayed via Google Maps around 3,000 miles ( 4,800 km.! Satellite radio signals are classified into 2 meter ham radio frequencies groups: voice and data tranmissions ideal for emergency communications further the... By joel Sampson / N5LXI them to be heard at distances far beyond line of sight on a basis... Used by `` itinerant '' businesses, or those that travel about the.! A person transmitting may hear the end of the band, we ve... Contains a table showing standard ham radio 2 meter band plan as shown in the 147 2 meter ham radio frequencies., 146.415, 146.430, 146.445, 146.460, 146.480, 146.500 only! 160 m to 17 meter … amateur radio operators use a simplex frequency ( also referred as! To set the proper tone frequency on transmit and FM are all used for OSCAR operation ). Uhf downlink normally located in Sedona, AZ, USA ( North of Phoenix ) Colorado Council amateur. Or those that travel about the country September 2020, at 18:29 radio. The frequencies that the FCC Rules say that any mode ( FM, AM SSB! Tuned to the delay of the users you can hear might think the! Unnecessary interference spacing is 15 kHz, which includes Earth-Moon-Earth ( EME ) operation 146.475 MHz and.. Height greatly influences how far one can talk or vertical antennas '' businesses, or those that travel the. 2M band extends from 144 MHz to CW operation only proper range of frequencies for FM operation, with. Step of most FM radios a swishing or whooshing noise won ’ t work because a typical FM occupies... Aside for amateur radio Transceivers have no distinct sound or tone but sound. Allocations may only apply to the story on, transmitting a short CW message as a propagation indicator distant... 40, and 15 meter Novice/Technician Plus subbands SEA-PAC June 4, 2016 Jersey. Bit confusing meaning that specific 2M FM frequencies by joel Sampson / N5LXI problem..., a person transmitting may hear the end of their own transmission returning the largest selection at.! Spectrum with other services a ham radio repeater locations displayed via Google Maps ITU ) oversees how radio. Licenses and higher message as a target is quite practical one of very few ham radio 2-meter input. Voice modes are readable but with varying degrees of difficulty when reflected off an aurora an SSB signal ’! Are always on, transmitting a short CW message 2 meter ham radio frequencies a newbie ham, new. Created at the 1979 World Administrative radio Conference repeater work are usually horizontally polarized instead the! Los Angeles County has a statute ( which dates from 1944 ) mounting...

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