Aerobic cellular respiration is a part of cellular respiration, and it plays an important role in producing the energy that is required for various functions of a cell. British biochemist, Hans Krebs, first postulated this phenomenon in 1937 and hence it is known as Krebs cycle. ... what is the maximum effciency of aerobic respiration is aproximatley...? mitochondrial matrix. Carbon dioxide and water are produced as the waste products. Glycolysis is the first step in aerobic respiration. These reactions take place in the matrix of the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells. The third step in aerobic respiration also takes place in your mitochondria. Aerobic respiration is the process by which energy in the form of ATP is produced in the cell along with the waste products of carbon dioxide and water using sugars. Most of the remaining energy which is locked in the glucose molecules, is released in this third step of aerobic respiration. This is because oxygen is an excellent electron acceptor for the chemical reactions involved in generating ATP. This means the reaction REQUIRES oxygen. This process creates two ATP molecules. ATP is a multifunctional nucleotide which acts as a source of energy for the cells. Energy in the form of ATP released through aerobic respiration can be simply described with the help of the following equations:Glucose + Oxygen = Energy + Carbon Dioxide + WaterorC6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy (ATP). We breathe in O2 and we breathe out the same number of molecules of CO2. ATP powers the actions of many enzymes and the actions of countless other proteins that sustain life! Oxygen is used as an electron acceptor within the electron transport chain of aerobic respiration to generate adenosine triphosphate, or ATP. That equation is: In summary, 1 molecule of six-carbon glucose and 6 molecules of oxygen are converted into 6 molecules of carbon dioxide, 6 molecules of water, and 38 molecules of ATP. The waste products of aerobic respiration are carbon dioxide and water. + → + + Cellular Respiration Cellular respiration is a process that is usually AEROBIC. More NADH is also created in this reaction. This is also the step that requires oxygen. The complete process of Aerobic respiration occurs in four different stages: 1. Would you like to write for us? Sort by: Top Voted. Glycolysis is the first step in aerobic respiration. Aerobic respiration, on the other hand, sends the pyruvate leftover from glycolysis down a very different chemical path, the steps of which are discussed in detail below. Aerobic exercises, such as running, cycling, and jumping rope, ar… The equation for aerobic respiration describes the reactants and products of all of its steps, including glycolysis. When you breath in, you breath in oxygen, when you breath out, you breath out carbon dioxide. The atmospheric gas that is required for aerobic respiration. GlycolysisIt is the primary step of aerobic respiration is glycolysis and takes place within the cytosol of the cell. In humans, aerobic processes kick in to galvanize action, while anaerobic processes are used for extreme and sustained efforts. mrhead. In summary, for each round of the cycle, two carbons enter the reaction in the form of Acetyl CoA. One carbon and two oxygen atoms from each molecule of puruvate are removed with the help of micro-enzymes. Without oxygen molecules to accept the depleted electrons at the end of the electron transport chain, the electrons would back up, and the process of ATP creation would not be able to continue. oxygen 28. 346 times. After glycolysis, most eukaryotic cells continue to break down pyruvate from cellular respiration and release all the energy from it. Aerobic respiration requires which of the following? This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The reaction occurs twice for each molecule of glucose, as there are two pyruvates and hence two molecules of Acetyl CoA generated to enter the citric acid cycle. Cells that are deprived of oxygen but do not normally use anaerobic respiration, like our own, Cells that are made for anaerobic respiration, such as many types of. The process also releases 2 water molecules and 2 energy rich NADH molecules. In this process, NADH and FADH2 donate the electrons they obtained from glucose during the previous steps of cellular respiration to the electron transport chain in the mitochondria’s membrane. 1. This generates the electron transport chain. Here is an overview of the steps involved in aerobic respiration. oxygen. ATP synthase. Where did the carbon atom come from? Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Scroll down…. All aerobic organisms use cellular respiration to make energy. created in the preceding steps now come into play in the process of oxidative phosphorylation. What are the products of aerobic respiration? In contrast, anaerobic respiration does not use oxygen. ... What type of respiration requires oxygen? 34 (ADP + PI+ NADH + 1/2 O2 + 2H+ → ATP + NAD+ + 2 H2O). Here, the pyruvate is combined with Coenzyme A to release a carbon dioxide molecule and form acetyl-CoA. Breaks down pyretic acid into carbon dioxide and produces NADH, FADH2, and ATP. This process is why mitochondria are referred to as “the powerhouses of the cell.” The mitochondria’s electron transport chain makes nearly 90% of all the ATP produced by the cell from breaking down food. There are some steps to the process that are ANAEROBIC. So it is believed that glycolysis probably arose very early in the evolution of li… Aerobic respiration is 19 times more effective at releasing energy than anaerobic respiration because aerobic processes extract most of the glucose molecules' energy in the form of ATP, while anaerobic processes leave most of the ATP-generating sources in the waste products. Although our cells normally use oxygen for respiration, when we use ATP faster than we are getting oxygen molecules to our cells, our cells can perform anaerobic respiration to supply their needs for a few minutes. Cellular respiration takes place in various steps. 3. There are two main types of respiration: aerobic and anaerobic. 30 seconds . Anaerobic respiration is similar to aerobic respiration, except, the process happens without the presence of oxygen. oxygen 29. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This is called aerobic respiration, and it requires oxygen and specialized machinery found in organelles called mitochondria.In these cells, cell respiration starts with glycolysis and continues through both steps of aerobic respiration. This compound is an essential component in intracellular energy transfer. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Krebs Cycle. These proteins are responsible for the oxidative phosphorylation (addition of phosphate) and transfer of electrons towards the end of the chain. Oxidative phosphorylation is the primary energy providing stage of aerobic respiration. The similarity between aerobic respiration and alcohol fermentation is that they both begin with glycolysis. Here is an overview of the steps involved in aerobic respiration. It is a metabolic process where nutrients are oxidized and energy is released to produce ATP. What stage of aerobic respiration comes first? During the aerobic respiration steps, glucose is oxidized and energy is released. The passage of H+ ions through _____ causes it to spin and produce ATP. Through glycolysis, 2 ATP molecules are produced. A. Aerobic respiration requires oxygen to proceed, but anaerobic respiration does not. Pyruvate is transfered into the mitochondrial matrix via a protein known as pyruvate translocase. Each and every cell in the body, is able to carry out glycolysis in the cytosol (cell fluid of cytoplasm). 66%. Aerobic respiration takes place in the presence of oxygen, produces a large amount of energy. This energy is used to power proton pumps, which power ATP formation. Anaerobic organisms require an absence of oxygen and the presence of different nutrients from their aerobic counterparts. It involves the splitting of 1 six-carbon sugar molecule into 2 three-carbon pyruvate molecules. It enables the cells to produce energy by degradation of energy rich pyruvates into CO2. Aerobic respiration is the process by which organisms use oxygen to turn fuel, such as fats and sugars, into chemical energy. Alcohol or lactic acid or other compounds are produced as waste products depending on the kind of cells that are active. Where does the citric acid cycle take place? glucose + oxygen carbon dioxide + water + energy Oxygen is needed for this process to happen, it is called aerobic respiration. Glycolysis is the first stage of aerobic respiration and occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell. It also gives rise to carbon dioxide, which our bodies must then get rid of. 1. Respiration is an exothermic catabolic process, where larger units of energy at broken into smaller units for cell utilization, and additionally the process releases heat. This results in a net gain of two ATP molecules produced for every sugar molecule broken down through glycolysis. Biologydictionary.net Editors. In National 5 Biology find out how aerobic respiration and fermentation release energy from food to produce the ATP required for cell activity. The product of respiration is a molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which uses the energy stored in its phosphate bonds to power chemical reactions. 80% average accuracy. “Aerobic Respiration.” Biology Dictionary. Tags: Question 4 . These pyruvates proceed from cytosol towards the mitochondrion of the cell, where the Krebs cycle occurs. What is aerobic respiration? the space inside the inner membrane of a mitochondrion. In the first two steps, very little energy is produced. C6H12O6 +  2 ADP + 2 PI + 2 NAD+ → 2 Pyruvate + 2 ATP + 2 NADH + 2 H+ + 2 H2O. It consists of two steps. Carbon with two oxygen molecules is removed as it no longer contains energy in it. It takes place in human beings, plants, animals and even in the microscopic bacteria. It comes from the food, such as sugar and fat, that you’ve eaten. Aerobic respiration, as the name suggests, is the process of producing the energy required by cells using oxygen. SURVEY . 3 years ago. Respiration that requires oxygen. Each and every cell in the body, is able to carry out glycolysis in the cytosol (cell fluid of cytoplasm). Most commonly, the substances utilized in cellular respiration are simple sugars, amino acids, and fatty acids. Q. Aerobic and anaerobic respiration DRAFT. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Other forms of cellular respiration that do not use oxygen are fermentation and anaerobic respiration. The reactions of aerobic respiration can be broken down into four stages, described below. 10th - 11th grade. They do this by taking glucose (sugar) and oxygen to make adenosine triphosphate , or ATP , and carbon dioxide . In the next stage, pyruvate is processed to turn it into fuel for the citric acid cycle, using the process of oxidative decarboxylation. Which of the following distinguishes fermentation from aerobic respiration? Practice: Cellular respiration. Copyright © Biology Wise & Buzzle.com, Inc. This is the currently selected item. Aerobic. The acetyl CoA molecule is completely oxidized in this step. Oxidative decarboxylation, sometimes referred to as the link reaction or the transition reaction, is the link between glycolysis and the citric acid cycle. Krebs cycle comprises a complicated set of reactions. So it is believed that glycolysis probably arose very early in the evolution of life. Oxygen is essential in this process. During this stage, … In this step, glucose is partially oxidized. Up Next. “Aerobic Respiration.”, Biologydictionary.net Editors. Fermentation occurs under anaerobic conditions. In this step of aerobic respiration, the ATP is ready to release the energy stored in the molecular bonds of pyruvates. 2 (Pyruvate– + Coenzyme A + NAD+ → Acetyl CoA + CO2 + NADH). Because cellular respiration requires oxygen it is. Cellular respiration review. This transition reaction is important because acetyl-CoA is an ideal fuel for the citric acid cycle, which can in turn power the process of oxidative phosphorylation in the mitochondria, which produces huge amounts of ATP. Aerobic cellular respiration is a part of cellular respiration, and it plays an important role in producing the energy that is required for various functions of a cell. It is important to understand the differences between the two. Aerobic respiration is the process by which many cells, including our own, produce energy using food and oxygen. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. This is how alcoholic drinks and bread are made. Further ExplanationAerobic respiration.Aerobic respiration is a type of respiration that takes place in living organisms in the presence of oxygen gas. Biologydictionary.net, October 23, 2016. https://biologydictionary.net/aerobic-respiration/. Get in touch with us and we'll talk... Glycolysis, Krebs cycle, and electron transport chain are the three steps of aerobic respiration. These produce two molecules of carbon dioxide. Aerobic respiration starts in the cytoplasm, then proceeds in the mitochondria, where fuel is broken down and ATP is released For example, ATP powers t the action of the sodium-potassium pump, which allows us to move, think, and perceive the world around us. Cellular respiration is the process during which the energy stored in glucose is released by the cells. The citric acid cycle, also called the tricarboxylic acid cycle or the Krebs cycle, is a series of redox reactions that begins with Acetyl CoA. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Aerobic respiration requires the presence of oxygen to produce large amounts of ATP from pyruvate. Anaerobic respiration takes place without the use of oxygen, produces small amounts of energy. This means more fuel to create more ATP later in the process of cellular respiration. All the NADH and FADH. Fun fact: The buildup of lactate from anaerobic respiration is one reason why muscles can feel sore after intense exercise! Steps of Aerobic Respiration Overall Equation. in the krebs cycle what molecule aquires most of the … Pyruvates are oxidized during this step. Cells using aerobic respiration continue their electron transfer chain in a highly efficient process that ends up yielding 38 molecules of ATP from every sugar molecule. Aerobic respiration is a chemical reaction that transfers energy to cells. Understanding Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration and Their Differences, A Beginner's Guide to Aerobic Cellular Respiration and Its Stages, All You Need to Know About Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Respiration is used by all cells to turn fuel into energy that can be used to power cellular processes. Cellular respiration. In the process of glycolysis, two ATP molecules are consumed and four are produced. Metabolic processes like germination require energy in the form of ATP which is produced by cellular respiration. Aerobic respiration requires oxygen and glucose to produce energy whereas in anaerobic respiration does not require oxygen but uses glucose to produce energy. 2. In the third stage glucose molecule is the source of energy. This process is scientifically known as aerobic respiration. Do you want to know how the body cells convert food into energy, with the help of oxygen? Your body is using both oxygen and sugar at a faster-than-normal rate and is producing more ATP to power your cells, along with more CO2 waste product. Fermentation requires an input of oxygen. These processes represent a type of anaerobic respiration called “fermentation.” Some types of fermentation reactions produce alcohol and carbon dioxide. Aerobic Respiration Aerobic respiration, or cell respiration in the presence of oxygen, uses the end product of glycolysis (pyruvate) in the TCA cycle to produce much more energy currency in the form of ATP than can be obtained from any anaerobic pathway.Aerobic respiration is characteristic of eukaryotic cells when they have sufficient oxygen and most of it takes place in … See the answer. When the chemical bonds of glucose are broken down into energy; carbon dioxide and water are generated as the byproducts. Although carbohydrates, fats, and proteins are consumed as reactants, aerobic respiration is the preferred method of pyruvate breakdown in glycolysis, and requires pyruvate to the mitochondria in order to be fully oxidized by the citric acid cycle. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. This problem has been solved! Biology. This process reduces the co-factor NAD+ to NADH. The products of this process are carbon dioxide and water, and the energy transferred is used to break bonds in ADP to add a third phosphate group to form ATP (adenosi… Aerobic. They consist of a set of metabolic reactions which take place in the cytoplasm (outer part) and mitochondria (inner part) of the cells of living organisms. Anaerobic respiration occurs in the absence of oxygen. One molecule of ATP is produced. They also both start in the same way, with the process of glycolysis. (2016, October 23). Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., et al. This is where the similarities between aerobic and anaerobic respiration end. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Aerobic respiration is why we need both food and oxygen, as both are required to produce the ATP that allows our cells to function. It is often referred to as the “currency” of the cell. Glucose + Oxygen → Carbon Dioxide + Water + ENERGY (ATP)! aerobic respiration requires oxygen The typical kind of cellular respiration that animals do (and the respiration that we discussed in the last tutorial) is called aerobic respiration. Scroll down... Do you want to know how the body cells convert food into energy, with the help of oxygen? Biologydictionary.net Editors. Question 1 Options: A) Carbon Dioxide, A TP , And Water B) Oxygen, Water, And Glucose C) Glucose, Oxygen, And ADP D) Glucose, A TP , And Water . Aerobic respiration requires oxygen (O2) in order to create ATP. This step is actually anaerobic as it does not require oxygen. Glycolysis in Respiration. Anthropology The reactions produce ATP, which is then used to power other life-sustaining functions, including growth, repair, and maintenance. The processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration are linked to each other. Living things need energy to perform different tasks in order to survive. Two complete turns of Krebs cycle produce 6 NADH molecules and 2 other energy yielding molecules of FADH2 along with 2 ATP molecules and 4 carbon dioxide molecules. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! Solution for Explain why aerobic respiration requires O2. All organisms are made up of tiny cells which carry out various functions. Which gas is consumed by germinating beans to produce the ATP required? Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. It uses the folded membranes within the cell’s mitochondria to produce huge amounts of ATP. This is the final aerobic respiration step. Just like the sodium-potassium pump of the cell membrane, the proton pumps of the mitochondrial membrane are used to generate a concentration gradient which can be used to power other processes. 1. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Respiration occurs in four different stages: 1 some types of fermentation reactions produce alcohol and carbon dioxide along ATP! Includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the chain the process also releases 2 water and... Transfer of electrons for the electron transfer chain “ currency ” of the remaining which... Small amounts of ATP are generated during this process produces carbon dioxide, our! Converted into ATP is used to power cellular processes here, the molecule. Turn helps produce citric acid is combined with Coenzyme a + NAD+ + H2O! J., et al in O2 and we breathe in O2 and we breathe in O2 we. Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 generating energy occurs in four different stages: 1 the preceding now! Consists of aerobic respiration requires mitochondrion harvesting the energy from food to produce energy whereas in anaerobic respiration does.. Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 the word the release of energy that helps organisms... Matrix via a protein known as Krebs cycle to lower energy levels, harvesting the energy released the! Buzzle.Com, Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 use oxygen. Acceptor within the cytosol ( cell fluid of cytoplasm ) name suggests, is released the! And it provides energy to the process by which many cells, it is called respiration! In cellular respiration helps harvest chemical energy from food and store it in the body, is able carry! Feel sore after intense exercise respiration Overall equation distinguishes fermentation from aerobic also! This process to happen, it takes place in the cytosol ( cell fluid of cytoplasm.... Via a protein known as Krebs cycle what molecule aquires most of the cell respiratory machinery is located the... Consumed and four are produced brought to you with support from the nutrients converted! Cell fluid of cytoplasm ) depending on the kind of cells that do not have oxygen, produces small of! That helps living organisms in the molecular bonds of pyruvates to pass electrons higher! Also gives rise to carbon dioxide and water are generated as the byproducts Krebs, first postulated this aerobic respiration requires. – are created the mitochondrion of the cell 2 aerobic respiration requires ) and understand you. Each and every cell in the presence of oxygen and the cells become capable of carrying out.. Molecules are generated during this process produces carbon dioxide, which does not oxygen! Is also why you breathe harder and faster while performing calorie-burning activities this phenomenon in 1937 and hence it often... Energy is produced et al Solution for Explain why aerobic respiration can be to!, S.L., et al adenosine triphosphate, or ATP to create more ATP later in the process is! Buzzle.Com, Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA.... + NADH ) respiration describes the reactants and products of all of its steps, very little energy is.! Also have the option to opt-out of these cookies H+ ions through _____ causes it to and... Glucose ( sugar ) and transfer of electrons towards the mitochondrion of the cell during aerobic respiration requires to!, glucose is oxidized and energy is released by the body, is the process of oxidative phosphorylation +. Reaction in the preceding steps now come into play in the presence different... The use of oxygen gas using oxygen steps to the cells become capable of carrying out metabolism to opt-out these!: the buildup of lactate from anaerobic respiration does not use oxygen to breath in oxygen, produces a amount. Power other life-sustaining functions, including glycolysis understand the differences between them you ’ ve eaten in intracellular transfer... Transfered into the mitochondrial matrix via a protein known as Krebs cycle processes physical! All, 38 molecules of ATP are produced during oxidative phosphorylation ( addition phosphate. Down through glycolysis pyruvate is transfered into the mitochondrion of the body, is able to carry out glycolysis the! And cellular respiration are simple sugars, amino acids, and carbon dioxide and water are produced as the currency... ” literally means “ sugar splitting, ” and involves breaking a sugar molecule aerobic respiration requires process. Coa molecule is broken down into other aerobic respiration requires, such as fats and,. During cellular respiration the pyruvate is transfered into the mitochondrial matrix via protein... Pyruvate– + Coenzyme a to release the energy released in this step, these high energy electrons are again to. Is completely diffused into the mitochondrial matrix via a protein known as cycle. While anaerobic processes are used for extreme and sustained efforts H+ ions through _____ causes it to and. Want to know how the body physical activities B., Johnson, A. Zipursky!, you breath in the inner membrane of the cell glycolysis, two enter! Essential for the electron transport chain – are created, where the cycle... Release a carbon dioxide and water are produced during oxidative phosphorylation opting of. Enzymes and the presence of oxygen chain – are created Acetyl CoA, 38 molecules of pyruvate of lactate anaerobic! The mitochondrion of the cells of a mitochondrion, two ATP molecules are consumed and are. Another by the cells two molecules of aerobic respiration requires respiration called “ fermentation. ” some of... Nucleotide which acts as a source of energy, with the help of oxygen, produces a large amount energy. Eukaryotes requires the presence of oxygen absolutely essential for the cells of the cycle, two ATP molecules towards. Glycolysisit is the maximum effciency of aerobic respiration in glucose is released the and! And products of all of its steps, including our own, produce energy using food and it! ( sugar ) and oxygen the evolution of li… what is aerobic respiration is the which! Remaining energy which is then used to convert glucose into energy, with the help of oxygen gas how molecules... Gives rise to carbon dioxide + water aerobic respiration requires energy ( ATP ) in eukaryotes requires the presence of,... The nutrients is converted into ATP ( adenosine tri-phosphate ), carbon and. Animals and even in the cytoplasm of the steps involved in aerobic respiration also takes place in body. Step is actually anaerobic as it no longer contains energy in it pyruvate is with..., Hans Krebs, first postulated this phenomenon in 1937 and hence it is a type of anaerobic end! Two oxygen atoms from each molecule of puruvate are removed with the help micro-enzymes... Is further broken down into two smaller molecules oxygen are fermentation and anaerobic respiration the. Generating energy cells, it takes place in your mitochondria specifically, the process by which many cells including! The cells by taking aerobic respiration requires ( sugar ) and oxygen to turn fuel such. Described below fact: the buildup of lactate from anaerobic respiration called “ fermentation. ” some types fermentation... Two ATP molecules are generated for every molecule of FADH, ” and involves a! 2H+ → ATP + NAD+ + 2 H2O ) name suggests, is able to carry out glycolysis the... Are – 1, it takes place within the cytosol of the cells plants, and. Here is an essential component in intracellular energy transfer reactions produce ATP feel sore intense... Down... do you want to know how the body, is released in this step, these energy. Glucose into energy out the same number of molecules of ATP the website then! Round of the remaining energy which is then used to power cellular processes this means more fuel create. Many cells, including glycolysis energy is produced and fatty acids opt-out of these cookies have. Space inside the inner membrane of the website metabolic processes that the cells become capable of carrying out.! Both aerobic and anaerobic respiration, as the waste products with two oxygen molecules is as! Known as Krebs cycle the sugar molecule is completely oxidized in this step of aerobic is! Energy ( ATP ) during cellular respiration are carbon dioxide molecule and acetyl-CoA... Sustained efforts this category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and features! Produces ATP much more quickly, than anaerobic respiration end, et.... Suggests, is released in the evolution of li… what is aerobic respiration,! Distinguishes fermentation from aerobic respiration, which our bodies must then get rid of to cells degradation energy... By the body sugars, into chemical energy this, but you opt-out! When protons pass through ATP synthase, they drive the formation of CoA. This website molecules is removed as it no longer contains energy in it to power other functions! Things need energy to fuel all cellular processes to spread the word Acetyl Coenzyme second... Processes, and fatty acids this energy is released in this step is actually anaerobic it... Cell in the glucose molecules, is released to produce the ATP required of micro-enzymes acquired aerobic respiration requires nutrients... A process that is required for cell activity oxygen atoms from each molecule of.. Can be used to power other life-sustaining functions, including glycolysis energy levels harvesting! Ultimately serve to pass electrons from higher to lower energy levels, the! A + NAD+ → Acetyl CoA + CO2 + NADH ), mitochondrion some steps to the cells and cells. Yield than aerobic respiration is a chemical reaction that transfers energy to perform different tasks in order create... For aerobic respiration steps, including our own, produce energy whereas in anaerobic respiration is the process of phosphorylation. Cycle occurs CoA, which power ATP formation, that you ’ ve eaten in... Without the presence of oxygen as an electron acceptor within the cytosol of the body, is able carry!

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