A. 6865, 6866 - Krushnaprasad Granthabali, v.01, v.02, Nrusinha Prasad Misra, Biraj Mohan Das, Ed., 2007, 2011.  They can also be processed into a paste or flour.  However, as the plant is primarily self-pollinating, its genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Find all of the relevant Hindi meanings of Cowpea below. Fun Facts about the name Cowpeas. Cowpea Meaning in Hindi.  Slaves brought to America and the West Indies cooked cowpeas much the same way as they did in Africa, although many people in the American South considered cowpeas not suitable for human consumption. Besides Retaliation – English to Odia Meaning, know the definition, synonyms, antonyms, uses in a sentence and other uses of it. K.M. 30, A receptor-like protein mediates plant immune responses to herbivore-associated molecular patterns, Saliva From Hungry Caterpillars Alerts Cowpea Plants to Turn on Their Defenses, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cowpea&oldid=992639201, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, crowder-pea, southern pea, black-eyed pea, niebe, ñebbe, yardlong bean, asparagus bean, Chinese long-bean. Human translations with examples: అలసంద, alasanda. , M. vitrata causes the most damage to the growing cowpea due to their large host range and cosmopolitan distribution. Odia language, Indo-Aryan language of the eastern group. Odia Dictionary (New) One of the Best Odia Dictionary in play store.  Crop wild relatives are the prominent source of genetic material, which can be tapped to improve biotic/abiotic tolerance in crops. Typing can be done on the computer keyboard or the onscreen keyboard provided here. Jump to navigation Jump to search. How unique is the name Cowpeas? Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn to speak Odia through Hindi. Copyright © 2017, Srujanika | Powered by WordPress | Theme Expound Child. English translation along with definitions is also mentioned. Patnaik & B. K. Tripathy View larger. 1. click on the desired alphabet pressing the shift key if required, Meaning of Cowpea.  Cowpeas can either be short and bushy (as short as 20 cm or 8 in) or act like a vine by climbing supports or trailing along the ground (to a height of 2 m or 6 ft 7 in). Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Offers translation of Odia words and sentences in Hindi language script 2.  The legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata, is the main preharvest pest of the cowpea.  Another distinguishing feature of cowpeas is the long 20–50 cm (8–20 in) peduncles, which hold the flowers and seed pods. Unguiculata is Latin for "with a small claw", which reflects the small stalks on the flower petals.  The plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the leaves. Rar. Submit the origin and/or meaning of Cowpeas to us below. Origin of Cowpeas Cowpeas Means. It is a ‘scheduled’ language of India and the main official language of the state of Odisha, where its Mughalbandi dialect is the language of education.  Its nitrogen-fixing ability means that as well as functioning as a sole crop, the cowpea can be effectively intercropped with sorghum, millet, maize, cassava, or cotton. Pronunciation .  Although there is no archaeological evidence for early cowpea cultivation, the centre of diversity of the cultivated cowpea is West Africa, leading an early consensus that this is the likely centre of origin and place of early domestication.  Common names for cultivated cowpeas include; black-eye pea, southern pea, niebe (alternatively ñebbe), and crowder pea.  The Sahel region also contains other major producers such as Burkina Faso, Ghana, Senegal, and Mali. The ideal soils are sandy and it has better tolerance for infertile and acid soil than most other crops. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. Cowpea originated in Africa and is widely grown in Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia and in the southern United States. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. Cowpea definition, a plant, Vigna unguiculata, extensively cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, soil improvement, etc. , Besides biotic stresses, cowpea also faces various challenges in different parts of the world such as drought, heat, and cold. Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world production.  The first written references to the cowpea were in 300 BC and they probably reached Central and North America during the slave trade through the 17th to early 19th centuries. Out of 6,028,151 records in the U.S. Social Security Administration public data, the first name Cowpeas was not present.  Common diseases include blights, root rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root knot, rust and leaf spot.  Black-eyed pea, a common name used for the unguiculata cultivar group, describes the presence of a distinctive black spot at the hilum of the seed. Leaves can be picked from 4 weeks after planting. Known as Odra Bibhasa or as Odra Magadhi Apabrhamsa in ancient times the language has been inscribed throughout the last two millenniums in ancient Pali, Prakrit, Sanskrit and Odia scripts. , The cowpea has often been referred to as "poor man's meat" due to the high levels of protein found in the seeds and leaves. Odia Dictionary. cow + pea.  In some tradition cropping methods, the yield can be as low as 100 kilograms per hectare (0.045 short ton/acre). One peduncle can support four or more seed pods. The keyboard can be opened by clicking on the ‘କିବୋର୍ଡ/Keyboard’ button and input can be switched between Odia/English by clicking on the language button. As well as an important source of food for humans in poor, arid regions, the crop can also be used as feed for livestock. A few; A little; Abbot; Abdomen; Abduction, kidnapping 1.1 Etymology; 1.2 Pronunciation; 1.3 Noun.  This makes them a particularly important crop in arid, semidesert regions where not many other crops will grow. We start with commonly used numbers. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. Learn only what you need. (Hasskarl)", "Southern Peas - Gardening Solutions - University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences", "Niebe: A Food of Choice to Combat Hunger", "Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Cowpea (, "The Potential Role of Neglected and Underutilised Crop Species as Future Crops under Water Scarce Conditions in Sub-Saharan Africa", "Toxicity and repellence of African plants traditionally used for the protection of stored cowpea against Callosobruchus maculatus". , The size and shape of the leaves vary greatly, making this an important feature for classifying and distinguishing cowpea varieties. A 1997 estimate suggests that cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) of land, have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes and are consumed by 200 million people on a daily basis.  A seed can consist of 25% protein and has very low fat content. Traditional methods of protecting stored grain include using the insecticidal properties of Neem extracts, mixing the grain with ash or sand, using vegetable oils, combining ash and oil into a soap solution or treating the cowpea pods with smoke or heat. See more. This Odia Dictionary / Oriya Dictionary called 'Mo Abhidhana' is a free English to Odia & Odia to English Dictionary App.  One of the plant's defenses against some insect attacks is the cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI). ), an annual legume, is also commonly referred to as southern pea, blackeye pea, crowder pea, lubia, niebe, coupe or frijole. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. cowpea translation in English-Italian dictionary. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary.  Temperatures of 60 °C (140 °F) kill the weevil larvae, leading to a recent push to develop cheap forms of solar heating that can be used to treat stored grain. , According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, as of 2012, the average cowpea yield in Western Africa was an estimated 483 kilograms per hectare (0.215 short ton/acre), which is still 50% below the estimated potential production yield. Gives clear and precise meanings as also synonyms in English and Odia, with a wide coverage of patterns of practical usage; Covers variant spellings; Incorporates useful appendices on irregular verbs, numbers, metric measures, Roman numerals, SI units, chemical elements and family relationships; View larger . , Seeds and seed pods from wild cowpeas are very small, while cultivated varieties can have pods between 10 and 110 cm (4 and 43 in) long. , The first written reference of the word 'cowpea' appeared in 1798 in the United States. Etymology . 3.  Cowpea starch is digested more slowly than the starch from cereals, which is more beneficial to human health. Colours include white, cream, green, red, brown, and black, or various combinations.  Cowpeas can be prepared in stews, soups, purees, casseroles and curries. They can have a smooth or rough coat and be speckled, mottled, or blotchy. One needs to have an Unicode Odia font installed on the system for this. A poetic classic in Odia appeared in the 15th century, and literary prose took shape in the 18th century. Contextual translation of "cowpea" into Telugu. In addition to it, the knowledge about the origin, pronunciation, and synonyms of a word allows them to find similar words or phrases. Cowpea definition is - a sprawling herb (Vigna unguiculata synonym V. sinensis) of the legume family related to the bean and widely cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, green manure, and edible seeds; also : its edible seed —called also black-eyed pea, field pea. You can also check the meaning of Hindi words in English from Hindi to English dictionary. , These characteristics, along with its low fertilisation requirements, make the cowpea an ideal crop for resource-poor farmers living in the Sahel region of West Africa.  The most common methods of protection involve the use of insecticides, the main pesticides used being carbamates, synthetic pyrethoids, and organophosphates. 2. All 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z.  A popular dish was Hoppin' John, which contained black-eyed peas cooked with rice and seasoned with pork. How do you use cowpea in a sentence?  All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculata subspecies unguiculata classification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivar groups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. What is the meaning of cowpea?  A pod can contain six to 13 seeds that are usually kidney-shaped, although the seeds become more spherical the more restricted they are within the pod.  The larvae burrow their way into the seed, feeding on the endosperm. Lobiya.  Chinese long beans can be eaten raw or cooked, but as they easily become waterlogged are usually sautéed, stir-fried, or deep-fried..  More modern methods include storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating or freezing the seeds.  Other important pests include pod sucking bugs, thrips, and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus. What is the definition of cowpea? The weevil develops into a sexually mature adult within the seed. , Outside Africa, the major production areas are Asia, Central America, and South America. This English to Oriya Dictionary App also shows meaning in Hindi. The synonyms and antonyms of Cowpea are listed below.  While they play a key role in subsistence farming and livestock fodder, the cowpea is also seen as a major cash crop by Central and West African farmers, with an estimated 200 million people consuming cowpea on a daily basis. What are synonyms for cowpea?  An individual bruchid can lay 20–40 eggs, and in optimal conditions, each egg can develop into a reproductively active adult in 3 weeks.  CPMV is stable and easy to propagate to a high yield, making it useful in vector development and protein expression systems. In bad infestations, insect pressure is responsible for over 90% loss in yield. Odia Vocabulary. Black-eyed peas were first introduced to the southern states in the United States and some early varieties had peas squashed closely together in their pods, leading to the other common names of southern pea and crowder pea. Cowpea meaning in Hindi is Lobiya. Otherwise such fonts can be downloaded free and used – please see the ‘resources’ section for details.          Sl.  While the insect can cause damage through all growth stages, most of the damage occurs during flowering. Generally, 133,000 seeds are planted per hectare (54,000/acre) for the erect varieties and 60,000 per hectare (24,000/acre) for the climbing and trailing varieties. It contains about 30,000 root words each in Odia and English along with their meanings. Definition of Cowpea in the Definitions.net dictionary. Close, Alisa Huffaker, and Eric A. Schmelz: This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 10:01. Adam D. Steinbrenner, Maria Muñoz-Amatriaín, Antonio F. Chaparro, Jessica Montserrat Aguilar-Venegas, Sassoum Lo, Satohiro Okuda, Gaetan Glauser, Julien Dongiovanni, Da Shi, Marlo Hall, Daniel Crubaugh, Nicholas Holton, Cyril Zipfel, Ruben Abagyan, Ted C. J. Turlings, Timothy J.  New research using molecular markers has suggested that domestication may have instead occurred in East Africa and currently both theories carry equal weight. Odia meaning: 1. a language spoken in eastern India: 2. in or of the Odia language: 3. a language spoken in….  The taproot can penetrate to a depth of 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) after eight weeks. A high level of morphological diversity is found within the species with large variations in the size, shape, and structure of the plant. Early-maturing varieties of the crop can thrive in the semiarid climate, where rainfall is often less than 500 mm (20 in). , This appears to be one of the latest taxonomical classifications, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "International Plant Names Index, entry for, "International Plant Names Index, entry for Pl. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna.  Their texture and colour are very diverse.  The cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV), discovered in 1959, has become a useful research tool. ‘Though written in Hindi, the words are Odia and pronunciation is also in Odia.’ ‘He barely speaks Odia, remains reticent, a recluse.’ ‘The speaker of the house ordered Rao to make statements only in English or the local language, Odia.’ ‘Odia, a 2,500 year old language, has recently gained the status of … 1 English. Computers with windows 7 or higher usually have Kalinga font installed. Presented here is dictionary with about 60,000 commonly used words. cowpea synonyms, cowpea pronunciation, cowpea translation, English dictionary definition of cowpea. Cowpeas were domesticated in Africa and are one of the oldest crops to be farmed. Presented here is dictionary with about 60,000 commonly used words. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and … you can learn Odia Language very quickly and easily from this utility application. Brazil is the world's second-leading producer of cowpea seed, accounting for 17% of annual cowpea production, although most is consumed within the country. , Compared to most other important crops, little is known about the domestication, dispersal, and cultivation history of the cowpea. Jav. Here you can check all definitions and meanings of Cowpea. Look it up now! IPA : /ˈkaʊpiː/ Noun . Odia Dictionary Contains more than 30000 English words with more than one Odia Meanings and most powerful feature is all data is offline you don’t need Internet connection to use this Odia Dictionary. The dictionary can be searched by typing any word in the ‘search’ field on the right.  Sesquipedalis in Latin means "foot and a half long", and this subspecies which arrived in the United States via Asia is characterised by unusually long pods, leading to the common names of yardlong bean, asparagus bean, and Chinese long-bean.  The original subgroups of stenophylla, dekindtiana, and tenuis appear to be common in all taxonomic treatments, while the variations pubescens and protractor were raised to subspecies level by a 1993 characterisation. Cowpea definition: a leguminous tropical climbing plant, Vigna sinensis, producing long pods containing... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Retaliation meaning in Odia – ପ୍ରତିଶୋଧ Noun. The timing of planting is crucial, as the plant must mature during the seasonal rains.  It causes damage to the flower buds, flowers, and pods of the plant, with infestations resulting in a 20–88% loss of yield.  The weevil generally enters the cowpea pod through holes before harvest and lays eggs on the dry seed. , A large morphological diversity is found within the crop, and the growth conditions and grower preferences for each variety vary from region to region. Cowpea seeds provide a rich source of proteins and calories, as well as minerals and vitamins. It contains about 30,000 root words each in Odia and English along with their meanings. Exact figures for cowpea production are hard to come up with as it is not a major export crop.  Drought at the preflowering stage in cowpea can reduce the yield potential by 360 kg/ha. Odia words are found in the 2nd century B.C Jaugada inscriptions of emperor Ashoka and 1st century B.C Khandagiri inscriptions of emperor Kharavela. After typing with the onscreen-keyboard, press down arrow (↓) key on computer keyboard to get word transfered to the dictionary search field. Walp. , Storage of the seeds can be problematic in Africa due to potential infestation by postharvest pests. Cowpea Meaning in Hindi is लोबिया.  In 2300 BC, the cowpea is believed to have made its way into Southeast Asia, where secondary domestication events may have occurred. The seeds can be harvested after about 100 days or the whole plant used as forage after about 120 days. odia barnamala, odia akshyara siksha, oriya letter, odia alphabet, vowels, consonants, yuktashar, juktakshara, sanyuktakshar, Consonant ligatures, vowels diacritics, odia matra, odia fala, phala, odia chart of alphabets, odia odia alphabet pronunciation and language, odia alphabet download pdf, free tutorial of odia letter and language, odia barna, varnamala, odia swara barna, byanjan barna Submit. The Odia vocabulary is the backbone for learning. n. 1. Cowpea Meaning in Urdu – Utilize the online English to Urdu dictionary to check the Urdu meaning of English word.  The grain is a rich source of folic acid, an important vitamin that helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn babies. Cowpeas can be erect, semierect (trailing), or climbing.  Like other legumes, cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling.  Biological control has had limited success, so most preventive methods rely on the use of agrichemicals. A common snack in Africa is koki or moin-moin, where the cowpeas are mashed into a paste, mixed with spices and steamed in banana leaves. You can search words in the English language or using Odia language with beautifully designed UI and can get meaning in Odia, English and Hindi Language. Four subspecies of cowpeas are recognised, of which three are cultivated. The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name. , Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world cowpea production. Estimating world cowpea production is rather difficult, as it is usually grown in a mixture with other crops, but according to a 1997 estimate, cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) and have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes. , Cowpeas thrive in poor dry conditions, growing well in soils up to 85% sand.  One of the more recent developments is the use a cheap, reusable double-bagging system (called PICs) that asphyxiates the cowpea weevils. Cowpea is a noun by form. Learn the translation for ‘cowpea’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. n. The seed of one or more leguminous plants of the genus Dolichos; also, the plant itself. 1.3.1 Translations; English .  The crop is mostly intercropped with pearl millet, and plants are selected that provide both food and fodder value instead of the more specialised varieties.  Remains of charred cowpeas from rock shelters in Central Ghana have been dated to the second millennium BCE. 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Cowpea mosaic virus ( CPMV ), discovered in 1959, has become a useful research.... Casseroles and curries soups, purees, casseroles and curries, or blotchy cereal diet in countries that grow as... Black-Eyed peas cooked with rice and seasoned with pork this utility application, cowpeas thrive in poor dry conditions growing! … Retaliation meaning in Odia '' into Telugu gamma irradiation, or climbing Kalinga font installed provided.. Is toxic to lepidopteran species including the Maruca Central Ghana have been dated to the growing cowpea to! Include Storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating freezing! Weevil develops into a commercially available genetically modified crop and 700 mm 16. 500 mm ( 16 and 28 in ) 61 ] they also use the cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata, cultivated!
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